Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. It is zoonotic, a mode of transmission wherein it is transmitted between animals and humans. Known Coronaviruses include Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. However, in December 2019 a new strain was discovered. The virus was officially named by the International Committee of Taxonomy and Viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 and the disease itself was officially labeled by the World Health Organization as Coronavirus Disease. As of March 14, 2020, 21:45 GMT, Covid-19 reported cases have already reached 156,016 worldwide of which 74,451 people have recovered.
Disinfectant shortage and its solution
During the first few weeks of the discovery of the virus, it was thought that it is hard to transmit it in hot and humid countries. Most of us living in tropical countries like the Philippines, are worried, but a bit more relaxed in hoarding disinfectant supplies. In the first month of 2020, there was already a shortage of face mask supplies. However, there are still lots of disinfectant supplies in the supermarket shelves. Filipinos being resourceful and innovative, the face mask shortage was easily augmented with homemade face mask. Plenty of patterns and designs were released, from simple cloth repurposing to using luxury branded ribbons to style their face mask. Unfortunately, in March this year, there was an increasing number of COVID-19 positive patients here in our country. In the beginning, there were only Person Under Investigation cases but it progressed to Laboratory-Confirmed Cases, thus, the start of disinfectant supplies shortage. To lessen the burden of the sanitizer shortage I’m going to share with you one of the formulated substitutes of disinfectant using bleach.
Best home made disinfectant solution
To make a ten parts of surface disinfectant solution, you have to put one glass of liquid bleach like Zonrox in a container first to avoid spillage and slowly add nine glasses of clean water. From this mixture, you can produce hand sanitizer by mixing one part of the mentioned surface disinfectant solution and nine parts of clean water. In cases wherein there is no liquid bleach available, chlorine powder can be used as substitute, but with different formulation. You can dilute one tablespoon of chlorine powder to two liters of clean water to produce a surface disinfectant solution. Subsequently, if you wish to use chlorine powder as a hand sanitizer, you can mix one tablespoon of chlorine powder to twenty liters of clean water.
For prevention of Covid-19 and other respiratory illnesses, cleaning of surface dirt followed by disinfection is the best practice measure in households and community settings.
Of course, we also have to remember that even if we were not able to secure disinfectant supplies, it is still helpful to always practice the basic protective measure against the COVID-19 virus. This includes regular hand washing, maintaining social distance of at least one meter or three feet, consciously avoiding to touch the eyes, mouth and nose, and lastly, practice respiratory hygiene.
The world was shaken by grave news last December 2019 when a new novel virus was discovered and caused an outbreak in China. Thousands of people died in mainland China, specifically in Hubei province where the virus originated. Later on, it became a pandemic that affected a lot of countries including the US, Australia, Spain, Germany and Italy.
As the number of cases increases every day, authorities in 191 countries and territories implement preventive and countermeasures to stop this contagion. Countries and cities implement community quarantines and lockdowns to limit the spreading of coronavirus while the medical facilities are working hard to provide a cure.
As much as lockdowns are beneficial in controlling the contagion, it can also pose possible dangers of domestic violence to those women, men and children who are prohibited to socialize.
Understanding Domestic Violence
Domestic violence is generally described as the violence or other abuse in a domestic setting, may it be in marriage or cohabitation. It is not only limited to physical violence but also involves emotional, sexual, social, financial and spiritual.
Let’s put it this way. You are in a relationship wherein you have no control over your own thoughts and actions since your partner takes total control of it. That can be considered as an abusive relationship . Whenever you feel like your self-worth, values, spiritual beliefs, and social activities are being abused, then that’s domestic violence in many forms. The most common form of domestic abuse is a physical manifestation – where you are being hurt, injured or threatened.
The Impact Of Lockdowns On Domestic Violence
For some, a lockdown means safety – their homes can be their safe haven. However, for some, can be a worse-case-scenario. Authorities are anticipating an increase in the reports of domestic violence internationally. According to them, such levels of isolation can push people to abuse their family members or their intimate partners.
Based on a study in mainland China, especially in the provinces strongly affected by the pandemic, cases of domestic violence skyrocketed during the lockdown. Given this, it can be anticipated that the same situation can happen in other countries and cities.
The question is, how? Pandemic or other crisis can cause depression and anxiety which can then turn into aggression when not controlled. During the period that community quarantines are implemented, physical or social contact is highly prohibited, establishments and businesses close which means that a lot of people have temporarily lost their jobs. Plus, as the mortality rate increases fear sinks in and without social contact, people in isolation can be aggressive.
On the other hand, since social contact is no longer allowed, women and children can be abused without people even noticing or without someone to intervene. Vulnerable individuals have nowhere else to go in these trying times and no escape since offices and schools are closed.
Amidst the pandemic, the authorities are still working closely with various organisations to ensure that help will be provided to those who are in need.
Getting Help and Support
The widespread coronavirus contagion is not an excuse to stop the services to help victims of domestic violence. In these trying times, it’s important that you protect yourself from harm if you feel that you’re being abused. Remember, you’re not alone in this battle in spite of the ongoing lockdown.
Report To The Authorities
The first thing that you need to do is immediately report to the police. In spite of this crisis, you can seek help from emergency services or police if you’ve been injured or sexually assaulted. In any event, you feel unsafe, don’t hesitate to request assistance from the police, especially when there’s a threat to your well-being.
Remember that domestic violence isn’t always physical. It could also be insults, put-downs, prohibitions in decision-making, etc. You can also call state and territory support lines to talk about the risks you face.
In connection with this, there are also shelters for women and children where you can seek refuge.
Stay With A Family Member or Friend
If you have family members or friends whom you can seek refuge at this time, then you can stay with them. It’s important that you connect with them in times of trouble and lean on their support while you work out what to do next. Staying with the people you love and trust can also help with the trauma that you have experienced.
Learn Your Rights
Each country, state and city have its own laws that govern domestic violence. Nowadays, you can check your legal rights online. For example, if you are in Australia, you can visit 1800RESPECT for more information on how to keep yourself safe .
It’s important that you know your rights so that you can understand what domestic violence laws cover. This way, you’ll know when your rights are violated or being taken advantage of. Abusive people should not be tolerated.
Thoughts To Ponder
The coronavirus pandemic is life-threatening and amidst this crisis, domestic violence also poses a threat to vulnerable individuals. Indeed, it can be a worse-case-scenario for them. In these trying times, we should all look out for each other. If you happen to witness someone who is being abused, or if you’re the one being abused, then, don’t hesitate to seek help.
Abusive people and their behaviours deserve to be punished. Don’t worry, the police, domestic violence defence lawyers and other welfare organisations work hand in hand to make things right.
Corona virus (COVID-19) has first emerged in the city of Wuhan, China. From there it had spread to almost every country of the world. It has turned into pandemic. Its symptoms are fever, cough, trouble breathing, sore throat; it may also lead to illness and pneumonia. Mainly it has symptoms of cold and flu. It spreads mainly when infected person sneeze, cough, tiny respiratory droplets goes from one person into another, in air, on nearby surface. Experts are look in whether it got spread through stool (poop).
It is seen that the Corona virus does not affect children as much as it affects adults and old people. If one has strong Immune system he/she can fight with Corona virus. One should consult a doctor if a child or anyone in the family has fever, cough. One should tell everything to his/her doctor as if one lived with a person who had COVID-19 or traveled to a place where there are many COVID-19 cases. Your children should have all vaccines against illness like measles, flu and especially BCG. It is seen that children who have BCG vaccination do not affected by Corona virus. Some kids do not have much symptoms of COVID-19, they get away with fluids and rest, but some kids have symptoms.
To protect your kids from Corona virus follow these instructions:
Stay at home.
Do not go to busy places and stay away from sick people.
Go out when it’s utmost necessary and where mask.
Do not use face mask that is meant for one time use, it is not effective after 4 hours.
To remove the face mask, first sanitize your hands with alcohol based sanitizer.
Maintain social distancing, stay atleast 6 feet away from other person.
Wash your hands often and for 20 seconds. If they refuse to wash hands, they should be encouraged to do so by rewarding them. Use hand sanitizer with 60% alcohol.
Do not touch mouth, nose and eyes.
Use a good disinfectant to wipe floors and things people touch.
If there are Corona virus infected people in your area, follow instruction of local health department.
Scientists still are trying to invent a vaccine so as to stop Corona virus from spreading. To prevent this respiratory disease since no vaccine is invented. Parents should take necessary steps to save their children.
The best way to save your children from Corona virus is to avoid them to go into crowd and thus preventing them to be exposed to people who are infected from it. As if infected person sneeze, droplets may land on the face of children and hence virus will infect them. Make sure that children should maintain a distance of 6 feet from sick people including family members. Advise children to wash hands atleast for 20 seconds several times a day, especially after sneezing, coughing and using toilet. If soap and water is not available one can use hand sanitizer with 60% alcohol.
Everyone should cover face while sneezing. One should use tissue while sneezing and immediately dispose it off. Kids should be given warm water 6 times a day, tea, turmeric milk. Kids should do yoga as it will make their immune system strong. Clean doorknobs, handles, toys that kids often touch with good disinfectant. However children are less affected from Corona virus than adults but we should take care so that they do not get affected.